Redis role 命令

ROLE

在复制环境下返回Redis实例的角色信息,包括实例当前是 master, slave, 还是 sentinel。

ROLE命令还会返回关于复制状态的额外信息(如果 role 是 master 或 slave) 或者监控的master名字列表 (如果 role 是哨兵)。

Output format

The command returns an array of elements. The first element is the role of the instance, as one of the following three strings:

  • “master”
  • “slave”
  • “sentinel”

The additional elements of the array depends on the role.

Master output

An example of output when ROLE is called in a master instance:

1) "master"
2) (integer) 3129659
3) 1) 1) "127.0.0.1"
      2) "9001"
      3) "3129242"
   2) 1) "127.0.0.1"
      2) "9002"
      3) "3129543"

The master output is composed of the following parts:

  1. The string master.
  2. The current master replication offset, which is an offset that masters and replicas share to understand, in partial resynchronizations, the part of the replication stream the replicas needs to fetch to continue.
  3. An array composed of three elements array representing the connected replicas. Every sub-array contains the replica IP, port, and the last acknowledged replication offset.

Output of the command on replicas

An example of output when ROLE is called in a replica instance:

1) "slave"
2) "127.0.0.1"
3) (integer) 9000
4) "connected"
5) (integer) 3167038

The replica output is composed of the following parts:

  1. The string slave, because of backward compatbility (see note at the end of this page).
  2. The IP of the master.
  3. The port number of the master.
  4. The state of the replication from the point of view of the master, that can be connect (the instance needs to connect to its master), connecting (the master-replica connection is in progress), sync (the master and replica are trying to perform the synchronization), connected (the replica is online).
  5. The amount of data received from the replica so far in terms of master replication offset.

Sentinel output

An example of Sentinel output:

1) "sentinel"
2) 1) "resque-master"
   2) "html-fragments-master"
   3) "stats-master"
   4) "metadata-master"

The sentinel output is composed of the following parts:

  1. The string sentinel.
  2. An array of master names monitored by this Sentinel instance.

返回值

Array reply: where the first element is one of masterslavesentineland the additional elements are role-specific as illustrated above.

History

  • This command was introduced in the middle of a Redis stable release, specifically with Redis 2.8.12.

例子

redis> ROLE
1) "master"
2) (integer) 0
3) (empty list or set)
redis> 

A note about the word slave used in this man page: Starting with Redis 5, if not for backward compatibility, the Redis project no longer uses the word slave. Unfortunately in this command the word slave is part of the protocol, so we’ll be able to remove such occurrences only when this API will be naturally deprecated.